The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati in 1875 and has had a distinguished name in the Indian society since then. Renowned and respected, the Arya Samaj marriage is based on the Vedic culture and traditions and you can opt for it to celebrate your bond.
Full of different ceremonies and events, an Arya Samaj marriage is all about simplicity and is based on Hindu Brahmin weddings. These weddings place a higher emphasis on deities like Agni and Surya over Hindu Gods like Krishna, Shiv and Vishnu.
Let’s know more about the Arya Samaj marriage, its ethics, traditions and principles.
1. The Wedding
Executed as per the Vedic traditions, the Arya Samaj marriage is legally valid as per the Arya Samaj Marriage Validation Act, 1937 with the provisions of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Although Arya Samaj weddings are based on the Hindu style of tying the knot, the Arya Samajis do not believe in idol worship, which is why there is a difference between their weddings and Hindu weddings.
The Vedic rituals in the Arya Samaj marriages are quite simple. Like regular Hindu weddings, their weddings are centred around a fire, where the hymns recited are explained to the wedding couple.
2. Eligibility for An Arya Samaj Marriage
In order to have an Arya Samaj marriage, the groom must be 21 years old or more and the bride should be 18 years old or more. The wedding couple should belong to the religions of either Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism or Jainism to be a part of the Arya Samaj marriage.
However, anyone who doesn’t belong to these religions can also be a part of it through a process called Shuddhi. Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Jews can convert into Hindus out of their free will and then be a part of the Arya Samaj marriage. The Arya Samaj has always been supporting inter-religious and inter-caste marriages. This makes this society one of the most forward-thinking ones in India!
3. Wedding Traditions
Unlike Hindu weddings, Arya Samaj marriages don’t take more than 1 to 2 hours of your time to get you married. All you need are the right marriage documents, two Jaimalas and sweets. In order to have the perfect Arya Samaj wedding, make sure to book an Arya Samaj mandir and submit the required documents.
At the day of the wedding, the ceremony will begin with the Pandit explaining the holy Vedic hymns to you, while reciting them. Next will be the jai mala ceremony where the couple exchanges garlands. Then the bride has to wash the groom’s feet, hand and face, after which the groom eats honey, curd and ghee.
Now begins the Yagna and the couple takes rounds around the holy fire. The Kanyadaan ritual takes place, followed by the Pratigya Mantra, during which the couple hold each other’s hand and take wedding vows. While the groom recites mantras during Shilarohan, the brother of the bride has to place her foot on a stone, after which the couple performs the Parikrama around the fire 4 times. Just like the 7 vows of Hindu marriage, Arya Samaj marriage observes the Saptapadi around the fire.
4. Registering the Arya Samaj Marriage
The registration of an Arya Samaj marriage is conducted with a sub-divisional magistrate. In some jurisdictions, like Delhi, you will get the option of online registration. You will get an appointment date that’s generally set 15 days later. You need to begin with filling up the formalities of the form, providing documents that give your date of birth, like a birth certificate, 2 passport size photographs and a wedding photograph.
If you want, you can opt to provide your wedding invitation card, as it’s an optional requirement. The documents should be attested by a gazetted officer and then after the submission, the district court will provide you with a certificate. The registry marriage process is quite simple!
5. Getting Divorced after an Arya Samaj wedding
If an Arya Samaj marriage needs to be dissolved due to marital problems and issues, the procedure is exactly like the one outlined in the Hindu Marriage Act. Couples looking to separate can take the help of the court to get a divorce, mutually. According to the Arya Samaj, a woman can contest for divorce in the court if her husband gets married again, or if he was already married before their marriage.
The traditions, rituals, rules and regulations of an Arya Samaj marriage have been made to make sure that two people that share a connection are able to spend their lives together till death parts them. An old sect of the society, it sure is based on modern values for conducting inter-cast and inter-religious marriages with its Vedic customs.
If you want to have an Arya Samaj wedding, then you should get in touch with any temple or pandit that offers the same services!